Contemporary Problems of Social Work


INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH QUALITY OF LIFE AND REHABILITATION TECHNOLOGIES..

The problem of classifying the equipment used to ensure public safety and security at the facilities of sport in Russia

Автор/Author: Maloletko A.N.,

Аннотация/Annotation:
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Список литературы/References:

1. Ermakova A. MIA force the owner to invest in the security of stadiums // Izvestia, 4.12.2014.

[Electronic resource] URL: http://izvestia.ru/news/580212.

2. The single portal for posting information about the development of the federal executive

bodies of normative legal acts and their public discussion, [Electronic resource], URL: http://

regulation.gov.ru/project/14424.html.

3. FIFA Stadium Safety and Security Regulations (2013), [Electronic resource], URL: http://

www.FIFA.com.

4. UEFA Safety and Security Regulations (2006) [Electronic resource], URL: www.UEFA.com.

5. Guide to Safety at Sports Grounds, Fifth edition: First published (2008) Football Licensing

Authority.

6. Stadium Safety and Security Management, ICSS (2013) [Electronic resource], URL: http://

www.theicss.org.

7. Steve Frosdick, Jim Chalmers. Safety and Security at Sports Grounds.

8. Tamara Madensen, John E. Eck. The Problem of Spectator Violence in Stadiums.

9. S.Y.Z. Au, J. Gilroy, R.A. Haslam. Assessing Crowd Dynamics and Spectator Safety in Seated

Area at a Football Stadium.

10. Edward Connors. Planning And Managing Security For Major Special Events.

11. Obidin V.S., Protection of internal affairs agencies of public order and public safety in largescale

sporting events // Proceedings of the Academy of Management MIA of Russia , 2009. №

2. pp 105-108.

12. Mikhailov A.V., Organization of public safety sporting event // Intelligent systems in

production. 2010. № 2. S.227-235.

13. Alekseeva A.P., Ensuring public order and public safety during sporting events // Herald of

the Voronezh State University. 2012. № 2. pp 436-441.

14. Bezhentsev A.A., Policing: a tutorial. St. Petersburg., 2015. - 256 p.

References in Roman script:

1. Ermakova A. MVD zastavit vladel’cev stadionov potratit’sja na bezopasnost’// Izvestia,

4.12.2014. [Electronic resource] URL: http://izvestia.ru/news/580212.

2. Edinyj portal dlja razmeshhenija informacii o razrabotke federal’nymi organami ispolnitel’noj

vlasti normativnyh pravovyh aktov i ih publichnogo obsuzhdenija, [Electronniy resurs], URL:

http://regulation.gov.ru/project/14424.html.

3. FIFA Stadion pravil tehniki bezopasnosti (2013), [Electronniy resurs], URL: http://www.FIFA.com.

4. UEFA Pravila tehniki bezopasnosti (2006) [Electronniy resurs], URL: www.UEFA.com.

5. Rukovodstvo po bezopasnosti na sportivnyh ploshhadkah, pjatoe izdanie: vpervye

opublikovano (2008) futbol’nyj licenzirujushhij organ.

6. Stadion bezopasnosti i bezopasnosti upravlenija, ICSS (2013) [Electronniy resurs], URL:

http://www.theicss.org.

7. Steve Frosdick, Jim Chalmers. Bezopasnost’ na sportivnyh ploshhadkah.

8. Tamara Madensen, John E. Eck. Problema predotvrashhenii nasilija na stadionah.

9. S.Y.Z. Au, J. Gilroy, R.A. Haslam. Ocenka dinamiki tolpy i bezopasnost’ zritelja na futbol’nom

stadione.

10. Edward Connors. Planirovanie i upravlenie bezopasnost’ju na krupnyh special’nyh

meroprijatijah.

11. Obidin V.S., Ohrana organami vnutrennih del obshhestvennogo porjadka i obshhestvennoj

bezopasnosti na krupnomasshtabnyh sportivnyh meroprijatij // trudy Akademii Upravlenija

MVD Rossii, 2009. № 2. ss 105-108.

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Intellektual’nye sistemy v proizvodstve. 2010. № 2. ss.227-235.

13. Alekseeva A.P., Obespechenie obshhestvennogo porjadka i obshhestvennoj bezopasnosti pri

provedenii sportivnyh meroprijatij // Vestnik Voronezhskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta.

2012. № 2. ss 436-441.

14. Bezhentsev A.A., Policejskaja dejatel’nost’: Uchebnoe posobie. Sankt-Peterburg., 2015. - 256 S.

Содержание статьи/Article:

The problem of stadium safety and security has attracted much attention in Russia. Today

in Russia there are over 266 thousand sports facilities for the official sports competitions.

Inspections conducted by the Russian Interior Ministry in 2012-2014 showed that 86 % of

sports facilities in Russia have fences wich do not protect players from spectators. About 62

% of the stadiums are not equipped with a median barrier at the checkpoint, and 64 % of the

stadiums haven’t necessary equipment for inspection. In particular, 86 % of stadiums do not

have space for the police, they do not have CCTV and TV monitoring.

Thus, according to A. Ermakova, management of sports facilities do everything their own

and determines approximately what security measures are sufficient for them, testing to save

every ruble. [1]

In 2014 Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs prepared a draft of the order On requirements for

infrastructure and technical equipment of stadiums for public security. [2]

It has been found that the draft of this act contains, mainly. the requirements, for the

checkpoints equipment for spectators coming on sports arena and for monitoring them, and it

does not include requirements for the ways of safe evacuation of spectators and other persons.

Therefore, it is required to analyze the existing rules determing the requirements for specific

equipment for public safety at sport facilities . His necessary to develop proposals for the

establishment of a common conceptual framework, applicable to the special equipment for

public safety at the sport facilities .

Numerous works have been devoted to the study of problem of stadium safety and security.

Example international sports organizations have accumulated experience in dealing with

security problems in the stadiums. [3, 4] Sporting expert organizations have publications about

problems of stadium safety and security. [5, 6] Researches by Steve Frosdick & Jim Chalmers [7],

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CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL WORK VOLUME 1, No. 2, 2015

Tamara Madensen & John E. Eck [8], S.Y.Z. Au, J. Gilroy, R.A. Haslam [9] and Edward Connors

[10] are of great interest.

The number of publications in Russia, involving issues of public safety at the facilities of the

sport are little. Researches it worth to mention V. Obidin [11], A. Mikhailov [12], A. Alekseeva

[13], A. Bezhentsev [14] and some other Russian researchers.

However the effect of these studies has been underestimated. So far Russian Federation has

not unified approach to terms and official standards of stadium safety and security.

The paper examines the possibility of establishing a national standard with the projected

name Special equipment for public safety at sport facilities. It is based on a list of equipment

that can be used for security.

The draft of the standard is presented as a document consisting of the following sections:

(a) Scope;

(b) Fundamentals;

(c) Terms and Definitions;

(d) Handlist.

This paper describes approaches to completing the sections of draft for the standard. In the

development of the Scope section a method of analogy has been used.. The knowledge derived

from consideration of ISO 9000 has been transferred to the draft of the national standard.

In the development of section Fundamentals a method of abstraction has been used. Some

essential properties of special equipment for public safety were highlighted.

In the development of section Terms and Definitions some methods of induction and

deduction have been used. Initially concepts of special equipment for public safety at sports

facilities were summarized. Then the conclusions about patterns of public security have been

made on the basis of observations of local sports facilities typical for Russia..

The specific provisions about special equipment used in order to ensure public security

at sports facilities were derived from the general provisions rules of logic. The method of

formalization was used as well.

The section Scope was listed:

(a) organizations seeking to ensure security at the facilities during sports competitions;

(b) organizations seeking confidence from their specified requirements for public safety at

the facilities that will be carried out by owners of sports facilities, sports competition, organizers

and others;

(c) persons who measure are taking to ensure public safety at sports;

(d) those internal or external to the sports facilities that asses the level of public safety at

sports or inspects it for compliance with the requirements of international sports federations;

(e) those who advise or teach public security at the facilities of sports.

The Section Fundamentals suggested:

There is the necessity of a common terminological apparatus;

it describes the basic requirements for specific equipment for public safety at the facilities

of sports;

There is approach to the use of special equipment to ensure public security at sports;

There is the policy and purpose of the use of special equipment to ensure public security at sports;

There is justified the role of individuals using special equipment to ensure public security

at sports;

There is a requirement for documentation, issued for special equipment for public safety at

the facilities of the sport;

There are special assessment methods in the usage of special equipment to ensure public

security at sports;

it is visible the role of statistical methods in understanding variability to ensure public

security at sports.

The section Definition proposes the explanation of the terms.

The terms defined in any other place fre bold. Their number is shown in parentheses. The

foreign equivalents of standardized terms in Russian are presented in English (En), Spanish (Es),

French (Fr), German (De) languages.

The terms and definitions are placed in the table.

Terms Definition

3.2.3.

Ru: Стюард

En: Steward

Es: Auxiliar

De: Ordner

Fr: Steward

It is any person working in the stadium (3.3.1) on the basis of a labor agreement

or on a voluntary basis, which is responsible for safety and security (2.1.17) of

the viewers (2.1.20), of the players (2.1.24 ), of the official persons (2.1.26), and

any person in the stadium (3.3.1), with the exception of those responsible for the

personal safety of (2.1.17) of individuals and the police (2.1.31), responsibles for

maintaining law and order (2.1.16).



The section Definition proposes some groups of the terms.

There is special equipment for public safety management group for the protection of public

order and public safety;

There is special equipment for public safety used by stewards;

There is special equipment to ensure maximum safety of the stadium capacity;

There is special infrastructure equipment for public security in the stadiums;

There is special equipment for crowd control in order to ensure public safety

There are special technical means to ensure public safety stadiums.

The terms and definitions proposed in the section Definitions are sorted in descending

alphabetical list.

The section Index Terms has as its results of this approach the following possibilities. It will

be enhanced the degree of conformity of special equipment for public safety at the facilities of

sports to functional purpose. As the result it will be possible to international barter to remove

technical barriers. Also the results may contribute to the scientific - technical progress and

cooperation in ensuring public safety at sports.

The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment for public

security management group: room (workspace) for the organizer of the competition, room

(workspace) for a coordinating body, a space for employees of the state security, premises for

police officers. The author considered that it is important to include in this list the other terms as

well. So, the list includes: management team, security policy, action plan, security officer, security

advisor, involved persons, risk, risk assessment, risk reduction, risk prevention, threat of terrorism.

The list of terms includes such terms as rivalry, rivalry fans, bomb threat, explosion, suspicious

baggage, shooting, aerial attack, chemical attack, gas attack, biological attack, pollution, radiation,

destruction of buildings and structures. The list of terms includes aiso flow control, invasion of the

playing field, arriving late, missing the delay, confusion in the stadium, fan without a ticket, fan

with a fake ticket, reselling tickets, packed stadium, evacuation, emergency weather conditions,

lightning, flood, hurricane disasters natural, cancellation of the competition, transfer of the

competition, delay the start of the competition.

The author has included the following The list of special equipment for public safety

using stewards: supervisory a staff, chief steward, steward, uniform of steward, a controller, a

stationary post of steward, a mobile post of steward, point for observation, observation point

for the other items, radio, headphones for stewards, main means of communication, alternative

means of communication, additional means of communication, an intercoms, a stationary

landline instant messaging, stationary ground instant messaging. The author considered it

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CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL WORK VOLUME 1, No. 2, 2015

important to include in this list and other terms. So, the list includes also steward training;

steward qualification; certificate of steward; equipment to monitor the audience goes, turnstiles,

activity zones, perimeter, stairs and escalators; special equipment to ensure public safety in

areas intended for children; a special equipment for public safety in areas for spectators with

disabilities; special equipment for public safety in the areas of hospitality, special tools for

additional stewards.

The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment to ensure

maximum safety of the stadium capacity maximum safe capacity of the stadium, a stadium’s

capacity, a sector number, a location, carrying capacity, turnstile, pointer movement direction,

index structure of the stadium, index information, category of the entrance to the stadium, an

entrance for persons with disabilities, concept of the turnstile (entry), type turnstile (input),

state of the turnstile (input), level of required inspection throughput at the exit, number of

outputs, an output size, placement output width of stairs, width of aisles, bottlenecks, capacity

in case of emergency, safe place, place relatively safe, while an emergency evacuation, security

certificate.

The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment for crowd

control in order to ensure public safety dangerous crowds, uncontrolled access to the stadium,

security sign, a prohibiting sign, warning sign, a sign directing, warning sign fire-fighting equipment,

signs or indication, plans of the stadium, stadium regulations, a direction indicator, sign of places,

sign advertising, stadium announcer, post stadium announcer, coded messages.

The author has included the following positions in The list of special technical means to

ensure public safety stadiums means technical means of inspection, technical means of protection,

stationary metal detector, manual metal detector, inspection X-ray machines, scanner hollow

manual, digital X-ray scanning system is stationary, inspection system automated vehicle underbody,

inspection endoscope, inspection mirror, vapor analyzer portable explosives, radiation monitors,

indicator electromagnetic fields, light acoustic fields, LED hazardous liquids, localizer of explosion,

access control system, reader device, blocking device controlled, blocking device controlled with

a complete overlap of the opening passage, a door, a gate, turnstiles full, fire-resistant door lock,

turnstile wais, tripod, turnpike, blocking device controlled by a mechanical control, blocking device

controlled with automatic control.

The author considered important to include in this list some other terms. This list includes

you terms as access control, valid permit , ticket to the competition , a sector number, a block

number , row number , seat number , accreditation, accreditation tag , ticketing, point of sale

of tickets, number of sold tickets, ticket price , protection against counterfeit tickets, system of

registration of spectators , intensity of the incoming flow to the stadium , remedies accreditation

cards of reach accreditation.

The author considered it important to include in this list some other terms. So, the list

includes you terms as a special means used by police and military personnel involved for public

safety: special stick, a specialty gases means of restraints, a special colorant, special concealer,

electroshock device, service animal, light special mean, special acoustic mean, a mean for forced

stopping of vehicles, water cannon, armored vehicles and protective equipment facility mean

blocking movement groups, means breaking barriers.

The list proposed in this article is not final. The list may be supplemented.

The results obtained can be used in further research of problems of public security at the

facilities of sport. In May 2015 the author sent the results described in the article to the Ministry

of Sports of Russia. In addition, the results can be used for sports facilities demonstrate its

ability to ensure public safety, meet international and national requirements.

The author expresses his gratitude to Mr. M. Stepanov, is Head of the International Department

of the Russian State Social University for his assistance in preparing this article.

Ключевые слова/Tags1: Safety, security, equipment, special equipment, stadium, classification.