Contemporary Problems of Social Work
INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH QUALITY OF LIFE AND REHABILITATION TECHNOLOGIES..
The problem of classifying the equipment used to ensure public safety and security at the facilities of sport in Russia
Автор/Author: Maloletko A.N.,
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[Electronic resource] URL: http://izvestia.ru/news/580212.
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bezopasnosti na krupnomasshtabnyh sportivnyh meroprijatij // trudy Akademii Upravlenija
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The problem of stadium safety and security has attracted much attention in Russia. Today
in Russia there are over 266 thousand sports facilities for the official sports competitions.
Inspections conducted by the Russian Interior Ministry in 2012-2014 showed that 86 % of
sports facilities in Russia have fences wich do not protect players from spectators. About 62
% of the stadiums are not equipped with a median barrier at the checkpoint, and 64 % of the
stadiums haven’t necessary equipment for inspection. In particular, 86 % of stadiums do not
have space for the police, they do not have CCTV and TV monitoring.
Thus, according to A. Ermakova, management of sports facilities do everything their own
and determines approximately what security measures are sufficient for them, testing to save
every ruble. 
In 2014 Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs prepared a draft of the order On requirements for
infrastructure and technical equipment of stadiums for public security. 
It has been found that the draft of this act contains, mainly. the requirements, for the
checkpoints equipment for spectators coming on sports arena and for monitoring them, and it
does not include requirements for the ways of safe evacuation of spectators and other persons.
Therefore, it is required to analyze the existing rules determing the requirements for specific
equipment for public safety at sport facilities . His necessary to develop proposals for the
establishment of a common conceptual framework, applicable to the special equipment for
public safety at the sport facilities .
Numerous works have been devoted to the study of problem of stadium safety and security.
Example international sports organizations have accumulated experience in dealing with
security problems in the stadiums. [3, 4] Sporting expert organizations have publications about
problems of stadium safety and security. [5, 6] Researches by Steve Frosdick & Jim Chalmers ,
CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL WORK VOLUME 1, No. 2, 2015
Tamara Madensen & John E. Eck , S.Y.Z. Au, J. Gilroy, R.A. Haslam  and Edward Connors
 are of great interest.
The number of publications in Russia, involving issues of public safety at the facilities of the
sport are little. Researches it worth to mention V. Obidin , A. Mikhailov , A. Alekseeva
, A. Bezhentsev  and some other Russian researchers.
However the effect of these studies has been underestimated. So far Russian Federation has
not unified approach to terms and official standards of stadium safety and security.
The paper examines the possibility of establishing a national standard with the projected
name Special equipment for public safety at sport facilities. It is based on a list of equipment
that can be used for security.
The draft of the standard is presented as a document consisting of the following sections:
(c) Terms and Definitions;
This paper describes approaches to completing the sections of draft for the standard. In the
development of the Scope section a method of analogy has been used.. The knowledge derived
from consideration of ISO 9000 has been transferred to the draft of the national standard.
In the development of section Fundamentals a method of abstraction has been used. Some
essential properties of special equipment for public safety were highlighted.
In the development of section Terms and Definitions some methods of induction and
deduction have been used. Initially concepts of special equipment for public safety at sports
facilities were summarized. Then the conclusions about patterns of public security have been
made on the basis of observations of local sports facilities typical for Russia..
The specific provisions about special equipment used in order to ensure public security
at sports facilities were derived from the general provisions rules of logic. The method of
formalization was used as well.
The section Scope was listed:
(a) organizations seeking to ensure security at the facilities during sports competitions;
(b) organizations seeking confidence from their specified requirements for public safety at
the facilities that will be carried out by owners of sports facilities, sports competition, organizers
(c) persons who measure are taking to ensure public safety at sports;
(d) those internal or external to the sports facilities that asses the level of public safety at
sports or inspects it for compliance with the requirements of international sports federations;
(e) those who advise or teach public security at the facilities of sports.
The Section Fundamentals suggested:
There is the necessity of a common terminological apparatus;
it describes the basic requirements for specific equipment for public safety at the facilities
There is approach to the use of special equipment to ensure public security at sports;
There is the policy and purpose of the use of special equipment to ensure public security at sports;
There is justified the role of individuals using special equipment to ensure public security
There is a requirement for documentation, issued for special equipment for public safety at
the facilities of the sport;
There are special assessment methods in the usage of special equipment to ensure public
security at sports;
it is visible the role of statistical methods in understanding variability to ensure public
security at sports.
The section Definition proposes the explanation of the terms.
The terms defined in any other place fre bold. Their number is shown in parentheses. The
foreign equivalents of standardized terms in Russian are presented in English (En), Spanish (Es),
French (Fr), German (De) languages.
The terms and definitions are placed in the table.
It is any person working in the stadium (3.3.1) on the basis of a labor agreement
or on a voluntary basis, which is responsible for safety and security (2.1.17) of
the viewers (2.1.20), of the players (2.1.24 ), of the official persons (2.1.26), and
any person in the stadium (3.3.1), with the exception of those responsible for the
personal safety of (2.1.17) of individuals and the police (2.1.31), responsibles for
maintaining law and order (2.1.16).
The section Definition proposes some groups of the terms.
There is special equipment for public safety management group for the protection of public
order and public safety;
There is special equipment for public safety used by stewards;
There is special equipment to ensure maximum safety of the stadium capacity;
There is special infrastructure equipment for public security in the stadiums;
There is special equipment for crowd control in order to ensure public safety
There are special technical means to ensure public safety stadiums.
The terms and definitions proposed in the section Definitions are sorted in descending
The section Index Terms has as its results of this approach the following possibilities. It will
be enhanced the degree of conformity of special equipment for public safety at the facilities of
sports to functional purpose. As the result it will be possible to international barter to remove
technical barriers. Also the results may contribute to the scientific - technical progress and
cooperation in ensuring public safety at sports.
The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment for public
security management group: room (workspace) for the organizer of the competition, room
(workspace) for a coordinating body, a space for employees of the state security, premises for
police officers. The author considered that it is important to include in this list the other terms as
well. So, the list includes: management team, security policy, action plan, security officer, security
advisor, involved persons, risk, risk assessment, risk reduction, risk prevention, threat of terrorism.
The list of terms includes such terms as rivalry, rivalry fans, bomb threat, explosion, suspicious
baggage, shooting, aerial attack, chemical attack, gas attack, biological attack, pollution, radiation,
destruction of buildings and structures. The list of terms includes aiso flow control, invasion of the
playing field, arriving late, missing the delay, confusion in the stadium, fan without a ticket, fan
with a fake ticket, reselling tickets, packed stadium, evacuation, emergency weather conditions,
lightning, flood, hurricane disasters natural, cancellation of the competition, transfer of the
competition, delay the start of the competition.
The author has included the following The list of special equipment for public safety
using stewards: supervisory a staff, chief steward, steward, uniform of steward, a controller, a
stationary post of steward, a mobile post of steward, point for observation, observation point
for the other items, radio, headphones for stewards, main means of communication, alternative
means of communication, additional means of communication, an intercoms, a stationary
landline instant messaging, stationary ground instant messaging. The author considered it
CONTEMPORARY PROBLEMS OF SOCIAL WORK VOLUME 1, No. 2, 2015
important to include in this list and other terms. So, the list includes also steward training;
steward qualification; certificate of steward; equipment to monitor the audience goes, turnstiles,
activity zones, perimeter, stairs and escalators; special equipment to ensure public safety in
areas intended for children; a special equipment for public safety in areas for spectators with
disabilities; special equipment for public safety in the areas of hospitality, special tools for
The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment to ensure
maximum safety of the stadium capacity maximum safe capacity of the stadium, a stadium’s
capacity, a sector number, a location, carrying capacity, turnstile, pointer movement direction,
index structure of the stadium, index information, category of the entrance to the stadium, an
entrance for persons with disabilities, concept of the turnstile (entry), type turnstile (input),
state of the turnstile (input), level of required inspection throughput at the exit, number of
outputs, an output size, placement output width of stairs, width of aisles, bottlenecks, capacity
in case of emergency, safe place, place relatively safe, while an emergency evacuation, security
The author has included the following positions in The list of special equipment for crowd
control in order to ensure public safety dangerous crowds, uncontrolled access to the stadium,
security sign, a prohibiting sign, warning sign, a sign directing, warning sign fire-fighting equipment,
signs or indication, plans of the stadium, stadium regulations, a direction indicator, sign of places,
sign advertising, stadium announcer, post stadium announcer, coded messages.
The author has included the following positions in The list of special technical means to
ensure public safety stadiums means technical means of inspection, technical means of protection,
stationary metal detector, manual metal detector, inspection X-ray machines, scanner hollow
manual, digital X-ray scanning system is stationary, inspection system automated vehicle underbody,
inspection endoscope, inspection mirror, vapor analyzer portable explosives, radiation monitors,
indicator electromagnetic fields, light acoustic fields, LED hazardous liquids, localizer of explosion,
access control system, reader device, blocking device controlled, blocking device controlled with
a complete overlap of the opening passage, a door, a gate, turnstiles full, fire-resistant door lock,
turnstile wais, tripod, turnpike, blocking device controlled by a mechanical control, blocking device
controlled with automatic control.
The author considered important to include in this list some other terms. This list includes
you terms as access control, valid permit , ticket to the competition , a sector number, a block
number , row number , seat number , accreditation, accreditation tag , ticketing, point of sale
of tickets, number of sold tickets, ticket price , protection against counterfeit tickets, system of
registration of spectators , intensity of the incoming flow to the stadium , remedies accreditation
cards of reach accreditation.
The author considered it important to include in this list some other terms. So, the list
includes you terms as a special means used by police and military personnel involved for public
safety: special stick, a specialty gases means of restraints, a special colorant, special concealer,
electroshock device, service animal, light special mean, special acoustic mean, a mean for forced
stopping of vehicles, water cannon, armored vehicles and protective equipment facility mean
blocking movement groups, means breaking barriers.
The list proposed in this article is not final. The list may be supplemented.
The results obtained can be used in further research of problems of public security at the
facilities of sport. In May 2015 the author sent the results described in the article to the Ministry
of Sports of Russia. In addition, the results can be used for sports facilities demonstrate its
ability to ensure public safety, meet international and national requirements.
The author expresses his gratitude to Mr. M. Stepanov, is Head of the International Department
of the Russian State Social University for his assistance in preparing this article.