Contemporary Problems of Social Work
Assessment of the potential of sustainable social economic development of the regions
Автор/Author: Durdiyeva J.A., Avanesova A.E., Bugaev O.N.
1. Zenchenko, SV Regional economic development: theoretical and methodological aspects of evaluation / V.I. Berezhnoy, S.V. Zenchenko, M.P. Pashenco. – Stavropol: Shpakovskaya printing house, 2009.
2. The official website of the Ministry of Economic Development of the Stavropol Territory. Access mode http://www.stavinvest.ru/
3. The official website of Regional Development. Access mode http://www.minregion.ru/
4. The official website of the Federal State Statistics Service. Access mode http://www.gks.ru/
5. 138. The official website for the Center for Industrial and Investment Studies IMEMO. Access mode http://www.imemo.ru/
6. Kryukova E.M., Vetrova E.A., Maloletko A.N., Kaurova O.V., Dusenko S.V. (2015) SocialEconomic Problems of Russian Mono-Towns. Asian Social Science, 11(1), 258-267
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Stavropol Territory is situated in the heart of Caucasus - between Europe and Asia, the Black and Caspian Seas. The Territory is bordered by eight regions of the Russian Federation, border length is 1753 km. The territory is 66.2 thousand sq. km. (0.4% of the territory of the Russian Federation), the population - 2707.2 thousand people. (1.9% of Russia's population), of whom 56.4 percent live in urban areas, 43.6 percent - in rural areas. Population density - 41 people per 1 sq. km, which is almost five times the average density in the Russian Federation.
The administrative center - the city of Stavropol, with the population 364,000 people. Adopted in the Territory system of administrative and territorial units includes 19 cities and 26 municipal districts, together with 10 cities of regional importance, 6 workers' settlements, 1 resort village, 736 other settlements.
A comparing the main parameters of the dynamics of socio-economic development of the Stavropol Territory, North Caucasus Federal District and Russia shows quite stable growth in the region economy over the years and most of the parameters. Over the past ten years 52% of the dynamics of Stavropol Territory economic growth were higher than the Russia’s average. Most steady growth over the years showed real incomes of the population, retail turnover and gross regional product (GRP), which average annual growth rate over the past nine years exceeds the Russia’s average by more than 1.7 percent points (Table 1).
At the same time the dynamics of some parameters of socio-economic development of the Stavropol Territory reveal a pronounced instability - the years of high growth are interspersed with years of absolute decline. These declines were recorded in 19% of cases, most of which falls on the dynamics of agricultural production and construction, and particularly direct foreign investments. As a result, average annual growth rate of certain parameters of the regional economy were dominated by national average, as the dynamics of GRP (GDP) and general and five of the eight remaining parameters analyzed.
Table 1.Analysis of the dynamics of gross regional product of Russia, North Caucasian Federal District, Stavropol Territory for 2006-2012
Gross Regional Product:
RF subjects (in current process) (blrd.rub.)
Stavropol Territory (mil.rub)
* - Chain growth rate in %.
Source: auth. calculations (based on the Federal State Statistics Service)
According to the Ministry of economic development of the Territory gross regional product in 2012 was 382,5 billion rubles, with a growth rate of 107,1% compared to 2011, which is higher than the rate of Russian GDP by 3 percents; calculating the volume of GRP per capita amounted to 137,2 thousand rubles, an increase of 116,3% compared to 2011.
In the structure of gross value added of the Territory 20,4% goes for industry, 21,1% -wholesale and retail trade, 11,1% - agriculture, 7,6% - construction.
Next, we show the results of the Stavropol Territory development in the following years (from 2011 to 2013 years). In terms of a complex program of the regional development it was planned to perform the implementation of 105 events in 2013. In due time the implementation of 99 events was performed, 6 events that ran during the past year failed.
In 2012, an active policy to create jobs was carried out, which led to the lowest in the North Caucasus Federal District and South Federal District the general level of unemployment on the methodology of the International Labour Organization. The number of officially registered unemployed in the region now stands at 18,500 people. By the end of December 2013 unemployment rate was 1,3 percent compared to 1,8 percent in December 2012. Much has been done to increase the living rate of the population. Real per capita income increased by 14,1 percent during the year. The objectives of the "May" Decrees of the President Vladimir Putin are fully complied, the increase in salaries to teachers of general education institutions, teachers and health workers preschools are on time and in the planned volumes.
Thus, the average salary in the economy of the region at the end of the year 2013 is 18,937 rubles. The average salary of doctors - 23 698 rubles (to the level of growth in 2012 - 127%). Teachers’ average salary increased during 2013 by almost 1.5 times and amounts to 16,364 rubles.
Income growth immediately led to the recovery in the consumer market. Retail trade turnover exceeded 396 billion rubles, which is by 15,6 percent higher than in 2012. The volume of paid services amounted to 99,3 billion rubles, or 116,3 percent of 2012 levels.
In 2013, the social orientation of the expenditure part of the consolidated budget of the Territory is maintained. In the structure of its execution 26,6 percent is directed to education, 20,2 percent - social policy, 18,6 percent - on healthcare.
Increased the number of places in preschool educational institutions of the Territory to almost 7,000 due to conversion, overhaul, the development of variant forms of preschool education.
It is very important that for the first time in 20 years, the Territory showed the natural growth of the population (1,372 people). In 2013 more than 35 thousands of children were born. That's almost 2,000 more than in 2012. Mortality decreased by two and a half percent.
It also speaks of "the right course" of social policy, which was chosen by the regional government.
But this does not mean that the regional executive power was not engaged in economic development and increasing investment attractiveness of Stavropol Territory, otherwise it would be simply impossible to collect funds to any social obligations. Therefore a set of measures to modernize the region's economy, develop innovation and nanotechnology was implemented.
A long-term investment program of almost 5 billion rubles was maintained, with the main emphasis on the construction of social facilities and infrastructure for production facilities to be built, including the framework of regional industrial parks.
Only in 2013, four regional industrial park were created, 4 resident projects registered worth 13,6 billion rubles were registered, the number of new jobs - more than 1 thousand. All in all, since 2011, the Territory has 12 regional industrial parks: industrial, petrochemical, agro-industrial, pharmaceutical specializations and one tourist and recreational regional park.
20 residents with projects worth about 35 billion rubles were registered and the planned number of new jobs - about 9000.
In collaboration with the federal government the investors were given tangible support. Last year, four investment projects were financed by the Investment Fund of the Russian Federation. These projects involve the development of regional industrial park and the launch of a metallurgical plant in Nevinnomyssk, construction of a gas processing Northern Caspian complex in Budennovsk and organization of production of dosage forms of antibiotics in Stavropol. The total amount of the investment costs for the period of their implementation will be about 16 billion rubles, including sums of Investment Fund - more than 3,2 billion rubles, and the amount of co-financing from the regional budget - more than 415 million rubles. The project will create 4,5 thousand temporary jobs and 650 permanent.
The initiators of two more projects were able to credit under the state guarantees of the Russian Federation. Thus, in the North Caucasus Federal District government guarantees received so far only four subjects, including two projects of Stavropol Territory, and one - Kabardino-Balkaria and Karachay-Cherkessia. In the Stavropol region it is CJSC "Hydrometallurgical plant" and LLC "StavStal." The total amount of state guarantees for them amounted to 3,5 billion rubles.
Last year alone, the Territory implemented six large investment projects. The total investment cost is about 22 billion rubles, created more than 260 new jobs.
This is evidence that the Stavropol Territory, with its huge resource potential and a complex system of state mechanisms of investment activity – is objectively a promising area for investment in the real economy.
Therefore, the Government of the Territory set a goal to lead the region into ten subjects - the leaders of the Russian Federation in terms of attracting investment. Based on the long-term strategic guidelines, the Territory necessarily needs to achieve a ten percent growth of this indicator. In 2012, the organizations of all types of property directed to the development of regional economy 106,7 billion rubles of investments with an increase of 9,7% compared to the previous year. According to analysis of 2013 over 122 billion rubles of investments were drawn to the development of the regional economy and growth of this figure is at 17 percent.
In the priority of the Complex Plan – maximal usage of federal programs. It is necessary to clearly understand what other programs must be activated to increase the amount of federal funds in the Territory. And here it was possible to achieve positive dynamics. If in 2012 the Territory received 3.8 billion rubles from the federal budget for the implementation of 15 programs, in 2013, respectively – 7,2 billion for 20 programs, it is already planned to attract about 10 billion to 21 programs in 2014.
In the past year, attracting budget funds of all levels for capital construction facilities will complete the construction of 75 objects, including building and reconstruction of 4 kindergartens for 310 seats, 4 schools for 231 pupils seats, FAPs for 25 visits per shift, outpatient clinics, sports and recreation complex, 2 nature protection objects, the water supply network length of 71,7 km, gas distribution networks – 43,8 km, over 12,2 km of roads of regional and local significance, 5 boilers with a total capacity of 2141,9 kW and a number of other objects.
In addition, last December a state program of development of the North Caucasus Federal District was adopted until 2025, with total funding of about 2,5 trillion rubles, and more than a quarter of the funds, namely almost 700 billion rubles (including extra-budgetary sources) will be spent on development of the Stavropol Territory.
This will allow implementing of 31 projects in the education sector, 19 projects of municipal engineering infrastructure 17 – healthcare, 15 - transport infrastructure, 7 – preserving natural recreation resources and 8 - aimed at equipping parkland resort towns. Total - more than seventy investment projects which are in priority for the regional economy, including 40 - in the resort and tourist area.
Particular attention is paid to the Caucasus Mineral Waters, which are included in the tourism cluster of the North Caucasus.
And if now the resorts of Caucasus Mineral Waters are annually visited by about 800,000 people, there are plans to double this figure. Due to the new opportunities of the Territory revealed by the tourist cluster, a modern tourist complex on 4,5 thousand places and objects of transport, social, engineering and innovation infrastructure will be built. In addition, the creation of scientific medical clinical-diagnostic and rehabilitation center is planned. It should be equipped with the most modern equipment for medical diagnosis and treatment purposes, on the basis of the modern year-round resort and tourist complex "Grand Spa Yutsa." The total project cost is about 9 billion rubles.
Stavropol Territory will get very serious additional abilities to further economic growth.
In this case, the economy continues to increase the amount of innovation component. A project to build Southern Nanotechnology Center in the Stavropol Territory is launched. The total budget for the project - more than 1,3 billion rubles. The amount of funding from the Fund for Infrastructure and Educational Programs of JSC "RUSNANO" – 803,3 million rubles. To date, construction work worth more than 155,7 million rubles.
The region has built a system of electronic inter-agency cooperation in providing 107 federal services and 20 municipal services in each municipality. The creation of 24 regional electronic services of interagency cooperation is completed. Provided access of executive authorities and local governments to 58 federal electronic services.
Regional public information systems "Regional Register of public services (functions)" and "Portal of state and municipal services (functions) provided by (performed by) the executive authorities of the Stavropol Territory and local governments of municipalities of Stavropol Territory" are functioning. The portal has information about 180 public services, 29 state control (supervision) functions and more than 1 thousand municipal services (functions of municipal control).
In the resort city of Yessentuki, Stavropol Territory, Budennovsky, Izobilnensky, Levokumsky, Novoaleksandrovsky municipal districts of the Stavropol Territory multifunctional centers providing public and municipal services (hereinafter - MFC) are created. Providing more than 70 state and municipal social services in the areas of land and property relations, urban planning, business regulation, cadastre and determining the civil legal status of the applicant are organized on their basis.
Analysis of the work of MFC in the city of Stavropol and the resort city of Kislovodsk for 2013 shows the demand for such services by the population. So, by the end of 2013 the number of addressings of citizens to multifunctional centers increased by 4 times compared with the beginning of 2013 - 4250 and 17,440 per month, respectively. In this regard, the Ministry of Economic Development of the Stavropol Territory, together with the Ministry of Housing and Utilities of the Territory studied the issue for the organization of payment for utility services on the principle of "one window" based on the MFC.
Measures have been taken to attract offices of the North Caucasus Bank JSC "Sberbank of Russia" in small settlements of Stavropol Territory to serve MFC. For this purpose, in January 2014, a workshop was held in together with the Ministry of Energy, Industry and Communications of the Stavropol Territory and the North-Caucasus bank "Sberbank of Russia". Information on the basic parameters of the layout MFC was sent chairman of the North-Caucasian bank "Sberbank of Russia".
Conditions for the access of small and medium-sized businesses to credit through guarantees and microfinance were created.
By the end of 2013 Guarantee Fund provided guarantees for loans to 139 small and medium businesses to the amount of 1,4 billion rubles. The economy of the region attracted more than 2.7 billion rubles in loans.
Microfinance Fund granted 549 microloans to small and medium-sized businesses to the amount of 284.5 million rubles.
All in all, the existing measures of state support were generally used by more than 500 small and medium-sized enterprises of the Territory. In 2013, the state support was provided on 7 mechanisms totaling on the sum of 540 million rubles, which will allow annually receiving about 250 million rubles in tax revenues to the budgets of all levels and creating about 500 new jobs.
In general, the implementation of priority actions of the regional Government to ensure stabilization in key sectors of the economy, allowed to reach the pre-crisis positions, and in many ways to improve them.
It is expected that by the end of 2013 the volume of GRP will be 415 billion rubles, an increase of 5,5 percent from 2012 levels. At the same time over the past three years (2010-2012 years), the average annual GRP growth was above the national average of 2.1 percent points.
And this, despite the difficult situation in agriculture. There was a decrease of the total volume of agricultural production: it amounted to 103.6 million rubles, or 81,1 percent compared to last year.
At the same time the industrial complex of the Territory shows active growth. Index of industrial production for the year increased from 95,2% in January to 109,4 percent in December 2013. On average, at the end of 2013 this index was 100,7 percent.
Construction sector by the results of the last year recorded 10 percent growth. Scope of works amounted to 44,7 billion rubles.
During the same period, compared to the same period of 2012 turnover of transport enterprises increased by 14,4 percent and amounted to 4479,2. Ton-km.
For eleven months of the last year, a positive net financial result (profit minus losses) of large and medium-sized companies amounted to 26,9 billion rubles. A profit of 39,6 billion rubles received 79,6 percent of the observed regional organizations. For comparison, in 2012 the share of profitable enterprises was 75,8 percent.
As a result, in December, the international rating agency "Fitch Ratings CIS Ltd." assigned the Territory the long-term international credit rating at "stable". This year for the first time in the past eight years, it went up by 2 points. This was due to the fact that the region has managed to balance the credit policy of the last year and built a systematic model of sustainable socio-economic development of the region in 2014.
The main results of the social economic development of the Stavropol Territory in the I half of 2014.
The regional economy is gaining pace of development, leaving the pre-crisis positions and largely improves. According to the results of 2013 the volume of GRP (estimated) will be 444,8 billion rubles, an increase of 3,6 percent from 2012 levels. At the same time over the past three years (2010-2012 years), the average annual GRP growth above the national average was of 0,2 percentage points.
Amount of exported own-produced goods, works and services during the 1st half of 2014 reached 208,4 billion rubles, which is 8,1% higher than in 2013.
Industrial complex of the Territory shows strong growth. The volume of goods by industrial activities that was shipped increased by 10,8% compared to the level of January-June 2013 and amounted to 114,1 billion rubles. Industrial production index – 103,7%.
In agriculture, there is also growth in the volume of production; in January-June 2014 it amounted to 30,3 billion rubles, which is 13,9% more than in January-June 2013.
Organizations of different forms of ownership in the 1st quarter of 2014 contributed to the development of the regional economy 13,4 billion rubles, an increase of 1,2% compared to the same period of 2013.
In the first half of 2014 the "Construction" industry performed works on 18,3 billion rubles, or 1,5% more. Enacted 492,9 thousand sq. meters of residential buildings – 98,5% compared to January-June 2013.
Nominal per capita cash income of the population of the region in January-June 2014 amounted to 16113,3 rubles and increased compared to January-June 2013 by 18.1% and in real terms - by 11,9% .
The average monthly nominal wages in January-June 2014 amounted to 18823,4 rubles compared with the corresponding period of the previous year increased by 13.1%, the real - by 6,1%.
The consumer price index in January-June 2014 amounted to 103,8% (106,7% in the same period of 2013).
The increase in real incomes and the decline in consumer prices had a positive impact on the dynamics of the purchasing ability of the population.
For the 6 months 2014 retail turnover was formed in the amount of 195,8 billion rubles, which is 6,1% more than in January-June 2013. The turnover of public catering – 12,4 billion rubles, or 8,7% more than in the corresponding period last year.
Since generally positive trends in socio-economic development of the region prevail, this gives grounds to predict GRP growth region in 2014.
It is expected that by the end of 2014 GRP will be 487,7 billion rubles, an increase of 3,2% compared to 2013.
Therefore, the most important task in the 2014-2015 – transfer from successful macroeconomic indicators of socio-economic development of the region to the well-being of each family of Stavropol Territory.
Based on these settings, and recent advances, the Territory is able to provide a decent performance in all areas in 2015.
Above we have presented the results of the analysis of economic development of the Stavropol Territory in the period from 2004 to 2013 and evaluation indicators characterizing the level of socio-economic development of the region over the years.
Since generally positive trends dominate in socio-economic development of the region, this gives grounds to predict GRP growth in 2014. As was mentioned, at the end of 2014 the expected volume of GRP will be 487,7 billion rubles, an increase of 3,2% compared to 2013.
Table 2 - Dynamics of the main socio-economic indicators of the Stavropol Territory (cost parameters in constant prices; as a percentage of the previous year)
Population (by the end of the year)
Annual employment rate2
Unemployment rate (by the end of the year)
Number of unemployed, registered in State employment organizations (by the end of the year)
Number of retired3(by the end of the year)
Real income of the population
Real expenses of the population
Real per capita monetary income
Real salary per capita
Real monthly pensions (by the end of the month)
Gross Regional Product
Basic funds in the economy
Index of labor productivity
Index of industrial production4
Introducing residential areas
Amount of public transport
Retail trade amount
Investments to basic capital
Source: According to the materials of the Territorial Department of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Stavropol Territory
Table 3- Housing in the Stavropol Territory
Total housing area, mln. sq. м.
Average provision of population with housing, sq. м per one person
Source: According to the materials of the Territorial Department of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Stavropol Territory
Thus, the index of industrial production at the end of 2013 amounted to 104,4%, including by economic activity: "mining" -96,6% "manufacturing" -104,5%, "the production and distribution of electricity, gas and water "-105,8%. Agricultural output in 2013 amounted to 97,2 billion rub., which is 15,4% more than in 2012. For 2012 the growth rate of agricultural production was 3,4%. Transport organizations for 2013 transported 12049,8 thousand Tons of cargo, which is 18,3% more than in 2012.
Source: According to the materials of the Territorial Department of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Stavropol Territory
Table 4 – Pre-school organizations
Number of pre-school organizations
Number of children in pre-school organizations, thousand pers.
Provision of pre-school seats in pre-school organizations, seats per 1000 children
Children of 1-6 years under pre-school education, %
Number of children, registered for the pre-school organizations, pers.
Table 5- Medical and recreation institutions and medical personnel in Stavropol Territory
Number of medical institutions
Число больничных коек:
на 10000 населения, коек
Number of medical ambulatory care clinics
Capacity of medical ambulatory care clinics, visits per shift:
For 10000 people, visits
Total number of doctors,
For 10000 people
Total number of nursing staff,
For 10000 people
Despite the above mentioned achievements, in the social sphere of the Stavropol Territory there are many trends characteristic of Russia as a whole. The high level of poverty is still a serious problem of the Territory. Despite the fact that in the period from 2007 to 2013 the region shows a strong tendency to reduce the proportion of the poor, this figure is higher than the Russian average. This is due, primarily, to a significant proportion of the rural population.
Tables 3-5 show the data describing the living conditions of the population of the region, the number of preschool institutions and health agencies aimed at the Territory residents.
Further we shall carry out evaluation of an integral component indicators of the resource potential of the economy of the Stavropol Territory for the period from 2006 to 2013 in accordance with the procedure set forth above.
We analyzed the economic development of the Stavropol Territory in the period from 2006 to 2013 and evaluation indicators characterizing the level of socio-economic development of the region over the years (Table 6 - 7).
Our analysis of the dynamics of economic development of the region under study indicates quite stable economic growth over the years and on most of the parameters.
The results of the analysis show a steady trend of growth in gross regional product (GRP) during the analyzed period. The growth rate of it in 2013 relative to 2004 was 240%, which exceeds the value of this parameter the average in Russia and the North Caucasus Federal District.
The analysis of socio-economic development of the region showed that on the whole the Stavropol Territory has competitive advantages, among which the main are:
• advantageous geographical location and developed transportation network;
• unique integrated recreational resources;
• favorable conditions for the development of agro-industrial complex;
• redundancy of labor resources;
• concentration of electricity generation capacity
• significant mineral resources.
However, as has been shown, a number of socio-economic development indexes of the Stavropol Territory convincingly demonstrate that, despite the competitive advantages of its resource potential is not fully realized.
In accordance with the Strategy of socio-economic development of the Stavropol Territory until 2020 and until 2025 the main priorities of the social development of the region due to the task of building the welfare state in Russia with an innovative economy and civil society. In order to achieve these objectives the social conditions in which there is a resident of the Stavropol region are analyzed, determined by the level of social services, to be achieved by 2025.
The main priorities in the field of regional economic policy are:
• creation of a new competitive economy;
• transition from branch to territorial cluster approach in the management of economic development;
• creation and development of "growth poles" of the federal and regional significance, ensuring the implementation of major investment techniques and strengthening of the economic potential of the Stavropol Territory on the basis of the concentration of financial, labor, administrative and managerial resources;
• support the reorientation of small and medium businesses in the construction industry and in terms of dominance of retail chains;
• introducing subcontracting to small and medium-sized businesses in the performance of complex projects and programs.
In the area of innovation policy:
Stimulating technological structure change in industrial production;
Priority support of projects based on innovative technologies, including usage the tools of public-private partnerships;
The creation of favorable conditions for the implementation of research and development, technology transfer and commercialization of innovations.
In the field of investment policy:
• Creation of favorable conditions for attracting to the Stavropol Territory direct strategic investors;
• Development of effective investment infrastructure, creating regional investment network;
• increased investment activity of municipalities of the Stavropol Territory.
All mechanisms for the implementation of the Strategy should be aimed at changing the model of economic growth based on fundamentally different economic and technological priorities, methodological basis which contributes and we have developed methodological tools for assessing the potential of sustainable socio-economic development of the region.
2 Balance of labor resources
3 since 2002 г. – according to data of Pension Fund of RF (until 2002г. – data of former Labor Ministry of Russia);
4 Aggregated production index on types of economic activity “Mining”, “Processing industry”, "The production and distribution of electricity, gas and water "Source: According to the materials of the Territorial Department of the Federal State Statistics Service of the Stavropol Territory